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How to Download and Install JDK 1.8 on Windows

·4 mins
download install jdk 8 windows

This tutorial has everything you need to know about installing JDK 8 on Windows.

If you’re new to Java, I’ll show you how to setup the Java Development Kit.

And if you’re a Java pro? I’ll highlight the needed links that you can use to download the installer.

Bottom line:

If you want to get up and running with Java, you’ll love this tutorial.

Check following guides if you are looking to download and install JDK 1.5, JDK 1.6, JDK 1.7, JDK 1.9 or JDK 1.10.

What is a JDK? #

When you want to create a Java application you need a Java Development Kit (JDK). It contains tools that allow you to develop and run your Java program.

java development kit tools

One of these development tools is a compiler (javac) that converts Java source code (.java files) into Java bytecode (.class files). Other tools include an archiver (jar) and a documentation generator (javadoc).

The JDK also contains a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) that is able to run compiled Java code. To do this the JRE uses Java libraries and a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) that executes the compiled Java code.

Different JDK implementations are available. The official reference implementation is maintained by Oracle.

Note that Oracle has changed the license of their JDK. Instead of having a single JDK build which you can use for free, they now have two different JDK builds:

  • Oracle’s JDK (commercial) – you can use this in development and testing for free, but if you use it in production you have to pay for it.
  • Oracle’s OpenJDK (open source) – you can use this for free in any environment.

Download Oracle JDK 8 #

Head over to the Oracle Java SE 8 download page.

java 8 oracle jdk download page

Look for the Java SE Development Kit 8u331 section.

Verify your windows bit version and click on the corresponding link:

  • For 32-bit = Windows x86 installer
  • For 64-bit = Windows x64 installer

In this guide, we will download the 64-bit installer: jdk-8u331-windows-x64.exe.

java 8 oracle jdk download link

Accept the license pop-up and click on the Download jdk-8u331-windows-x64.exe button.

java 8 oracle jdk download license

You will need an Oracle account in order to download the JDK. Sign in with an existing account or create a new account to continue.

oracle account sign in

Wait for the download to complete.

Check the Java Archive section for older versions like 1.8.0_202.

Install Oracle JDK 8 #

Open the location of the downloaded executable.

windows java 8 oracle jdk installer executable

Double-click to run the installer.

On Windows 10 a pop-up window will appear: The app you're trying to install isn't a Microsoft-verified app

Click on Install anyway.

windows app not microsoft verified

The JDK installer will start. Click Next.

java 8 oracle jdk installer start

You can change the installation location by clicking on the Change… button.

In this example, we keep the default install location of C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_331. From now on we will refer to this directory as [JAVA_INSTALL_DIR].

java 8 oracle jdk installer jdk location

We will not install the public JRE as the JDK development tools already include a private JRE.

Select the Public JRE dropdown and click on This feature will not be available. as shown below.

java 8 oracle jdk installer disable public jre

Click Next to start the installation.

java 8 oracle jdk installer custom setup

The JDK installation will now start.

A progress bar shows the various steps that are executed.

java 8 oracle jdk installer progres

Once the installation is complete, click Close.

java 8 oracle jdk installer finish

Configure Oracle JDK 8 #

Now that the JDK is installed we need to configure it.

First we set up an environment variable that will point to our JDK installation.

In the Windows search box type env.

Click on the Edit environment variables for your account shortcut.

windows edit environment variables for your account

Wait for the environment variables window to open.

Click on New….

windows environment variables new

Enter JAVA_HOME as variable name. Enter the [JAVA_INSTALL_DIR] as variable value.

In this tutorial, the Java installation directory is C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_331.

Click OK.

windows new user variable java 8 home

Next, we need to configure the PATH environment variable so we can run Java from a command prompt.

Select the Path variable. Click on Edit….

windows environment variables java 8 edit path

Click on New and type %JAVA_HOME%\bin as shown below.

Click OK.

windows environment variables add java home path

Click OK once more to close the environment variables window.

windows environment variables java 8 config

If a Path variable does not exist you need to create it. Use Path as variable name and %JAVA_HOME%\bin as variable value.

Test the Oracle JDK 8 Installation #

Let’s test the setup.

In the Windows search box type cmd.

Click on the Command Prompt shortcut.

windows open command prompt

Wait for the command prompt to open.

Type below command and press ENTER.

java -version

windows cmd java version

The above command prints the installed JDK version: 1.8.0_331.

windows cmd java version jdk 8

Congratulations, you have installed JDK 1.8 on Windows 10!

Now take the next step and write your first Java program.

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